The history behind the National Batik Day. Apparently every October 2 every year, Indonesia commemorates National Batik Day. Do you know why this date is designate as National Batik Day?
October 2 itself, precisely in 2009 was the date chose by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (SBY) as National Batik Day through Presidential Decree No. 33 of 2009.
The reason is, October 2 is in accordance with the date when UNESCO established Batik as one of the human heritages for oral and non-material culture (Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity). Momentum when UNESCO recognized that Indonesian Batik is one of the world heritages.
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Even the government itself through the Ministry of Home Affairs (Kemendagri) is know to have issue an official circular letter (SE) regarding the use of batik clothes in the context of National Batik Day by issuing Circular Letter (SE) Number 003.3/10132/SJ. In the international arena, it was state that at that time President Soeharto introduce batik to the world’s eyes by wearing batik clothing when he was present at the United Nations conference in the mid-80s.
The important identity of batik fashion for Indonesia was even greater when Indonesia hosted the APEC II Summit in 1994. The government deliberately prepare written batik for heads of state; which become special souvenirs because it was made with patterns and symbols from the participating countries.
The role of batik cannot be separate from the identity and life of Indonesians, not just their daily activities. Even on its official website, UNESCO mentions that batik permeates the lives of Indonesians from birth as babies when they are carried with batik cloth until they finally die and are covered by batik cloth as well.
Batik itself comes with various patterns, which reflect the many influences in it. From Arabic calligraphy, European garlands and Chinese phoenixes to Japanese cherry blossoms and Indian or Persian peacocks. This is as summarized from various sources, Friday (1/10/2021).
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